Indeed the Madīnah of Allaah’s Messenger is the most pleasant of places, it is Taybah, it is the returning place and sanctuary of Imān, it is the home of the Muhājirūn and the Ansār, it is the place where the trustworthy Angel Jibrīl descended upon the Prophet (ﷺ) with the Revelation.
Allāh has honoured the blessed city of Madīnah, He has given it excellence over all of the cities after Makkah. There are many narrations that mention its excellence, its virtues, its sanctity and its status – and how the Messenger (ﷺ) would supplicate for it and inform his Companions regarding it.
From its virtues:
1- Allāh, the Most High, made it a sacred sanctuary. Imām Muslim reports in his Sahīh (no. 1374) from Abu Sa`īd al-Khudrī that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَرَّمَ مَكَّةَ فَجَعَلَهَا حَرَمًا وَإِنِّي حَرَّمْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ حَرَامًا مَا بَيْنَ مَأْزِمَيْهَا أَنْ لَا يُهْرَاقَ فِيهَا دَمٌ وَلَا يُحْمَلَ فِيهَا سِلَاحٌ لِقِتَالٍ وَلَا تُخْبَطَ فِيهَا شَجَرَةٌ إِلَّا لِعَلْفٍ
“O Allāh! Indeed Ibrāhīm designated Makkah sacred and made it a sanctuary. I declare Madīnah sacred – the area between its two mountains is a sanctuary. No blood is to be shed therein, and no weapon is to be carried therein for the purpose of fighting – and the leaves are not to be shaken from their trees, except for fodder.”
The sanctity of Madīnah runs between the two lava plains from east to west, and between Mount `Ayr (to the south) to Mount Thawr (to the north). Imaam Muslim reports in his Sahīh (no. 1370) from `Alī Ibn Abī Tālib (radiyallāhu `anhu) that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:
“Madīnah is sacred and a sanctuary between `Ayr and Thawr, so whoever introduces an innovation or gives refuge to an innovator, then upon him is the curse of Allāh, the Angels and the whole of mankind.”
And from Abu Hurayrah (radiyallāhu `anhu) that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:
مَا بَيْنَ لَابَتَيْهَاحَرَامٌ
“Whatever is between its two lava plains is a sanctuary.” (no. 1372)
The lava plains refers to the place where there are black rocks in the east and west of the city.