The Questioner says: What is At-Ta’aalum (feigning knowledge); and what is your advice to the youth who are put to trial by those who feign knowledge?
Answer by the ‘Allaamah Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan:
At-Ta’aalum is to claim knowledge; it is to claim knowledge. When a person claims knowledge while he, in fact, is not a person of knowledge. He has not taken knowledge from the scholars. He has only taken knowledge from the books and by reviewing (a few books). He does not have knowledge based principles upon which he builds. He only reviews some books and proceeds upon his (own) understanding; and perhaps he errs more than he is correct. This is the one who feigns knowledge. He is a danger to himself and he is a danger to the people; because he plays with the religion of Allah the Mighty and Majestic.
If someone were to come out to the people and say: “I am a physician; I am a doctor; I can perform surgery.” Yet, he has no clinical certifications; he has no clinical certifications. Will he be allowed to perform surgery? Will he be allowed to operate on the stomachs of the people, and perform surgical operations upon the heart? He will not be allowed to do this, because this is dangerous. So how can this feigner of knowledge be allowed to play with the religion? Playing with the religion is more severe than playing with the bodies. It is obligatory upon these people to have Taqwaa of Allah, and not to speak concerning Allah without knowledge. For Allah has placed speaking about Him without knowledge above Shirk.
قُلْ إِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ رَبِّيَ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَالإِثْمَ وَالْبَغْيَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَأَن تُشْرِكُواْ بِاللّهِ مَا لَمْ يُنَزِّلْ بِهِ سُلْطَانًا وَأَن تَقُولُواْ عَلَى اللّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ
Say (O Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam): “(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al-Fawaahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge.”
p style=”text-align:center;”>(Al-A’raf 7:33)
It is obligatory upon these people to have Taqwaa of Allah and to learn first; learn before they speak.